In light of the earthquake in Osaka this morning, I’m reposting this information about building an earthquake kit.
You must think about earthquakes in Japan, and you must prepare for them. A good way to do this is to build an earthquake kit. I have, so far, been lucky enough to have not been caught in a large earthquake, though I have felt many small ones. An earthquake kit is a good way to prepare for an earthquake while you are living in Japan.
There is a lot you can do to prepare for an earthquake in Japan, and I suggest you check out my other post on how to prepare for an earthquake. Another thing you can do is make an earthquake kit or an emergency preparedness kit. I have searched around the internet and made my own list of what I think should be in it. I have yet to make a kit for myself though, so I should do it sooner rather than later.
I’m going to list the items you should have for two separate kits. The first list will be a kit for in your home, and the second list is smaller and designed in the case of evacuation. This information has all been gleaned from various websites so feel free to make your own adjustments to suit your own lifestyle and needs.
In-home earthquake kit
After a strong earthquake, you will probably have no water, gas, or electricity. You need to prepare for this. here are things you should have in your home emergency kit:
- Water. You should have enough for two weeks. If you have a water cooler or buy water in bottles, make sure you always have a supply on hand and don’t let it dip too low.
- Food. This should be non-perishable and easy to prepare. Some ideas are canned fruit, vegetables, beans, tuna, crackers, nuts, granola bars, beef jerky, or other camping food.
- A manual can opener
- Flashlight with extra batteries
- Matches and candles
- Battery/solar/hand crank radio
– first aid kit:
- Bandages and gauze
- Antibiotic ointment and alcohol wipes
- Feminine hygiene products
- Anti-diarrhea medication
- Scissors and tweezers
- Needle and thread
- Gloves and dust masks
- Splinting materials (brace and wraps)
BONUS: once the shaking has stopped, try and fill your bathtub with water. You can use this to drink or to flush the toilet.
Evacuation earthquake kit
This should already be packed and ready to grab and go in an emergency.
- Water: 3 days’ worth
- Food: 3 days’ worth, similar to the items above
- Manual can opener
- Battery/solar/hand crank radio
- Multi-purpose tool (Swiss Army knife)
- First aid kit (same as above)
- Fain jacket or poncho
- Water bottle
- Water purification tablets and/or purification drinking straw
- Emergency blankets
- Copies of important documents: medication lists, passports, proof of address, insurance certificates, etc.
- Map of your area
If you have time to collect items before you leave your home:
- Pillow and blanket
- Close-toed, warm shoes
- Plastic bags
- Change of clothes
If you have children or pets:
- Games, card, or toys for kids
- Diapers and baby food
- Pet food, collars, tags, and leashes
You might also need a kit to get out of your house during an emergency:
- Work gloves
- Hammer and crowbar
- Fire extinguisher
- Rope ladder
Make sure you keep your earthquake kits up to date. You should check the expiry dates on your foods and replace them if they are getting old. Also, check and replace the batteries if needed. If your personal documents have changed, make sure you put updated copies in the evacuation kit.
What do you think of these lists? Is there anything I missed?
Don’t forget to check out my other post about what to do before, during, and after an earthquake.